Erik Bakke

The 2010 series “Cobalt Ishi” is six paintings by Erik Bakke.
Each work is 40 x 30 x 2.5 inches and graphite and oil paint on canvas.
The linseed oil paints used in the paintings are the six cobalt colors listed below.
ASTM identification numbers are included.

Cobalt Blue (Cobalt Aluminate-PB28)
Cobalt Turquoise Bluish (Oxides of Cobalt, Chromium, & Aluminum-PB36)
Cobalt Green Pale (Cobalt Zincate-PG19)
Cobalt Teal (Cobalt Titanate Green Spinel-PG50)
Cobalt Violet Light (Cobalt Ammonium Phosphate-PV49)
Cobalt Yellow (Cobalt Potassium Nitrate-PY40)

The titles of each of the six works are long and begin with the name of one of the six cobalt colors.
The titles then include one historical association a month for the year the painting references.
The six years referenced are from the time of Ishi's capture in Oroville, California to his death in San Francisco, California
(1911 to 1916).


Erik Bakke Cobalt Blue Ishi 1911

Cobalt Blue Ishi 1911: January 12, 1911, Senator J. B. Holohan introduces Bill No. 291, “An act to select and adopt the Bear Flag as the state flag of California;” February 1911, The Magonista Revolt in Baja California; March 29, 1911, M1911; April 28, 1911, USS Albatross returns to San Francisco from the Gulf of California; May 1911, Letter from John Muir to Katharine Hooker; June 2, 1911, Republic of Baja California; July 1, 1911, Calaveras Earthquake; August 28, 1911, Ishi captured; September 1911, Annie Besant; October 1911, California suffrage card; November 1911; USS F1 (CARP); December 1, 1911, Clarence Darrow

Erik Bakke Cobalt Turquioise Bluish Ishi 1912

Cobalt Turquoise Bluish Ishi 1912: January 1912, Hetch Hetchy; February 1912, Second National Orange Show; March 1912, Arrowhead Hot Springs; April 1912, Marin Municipal Water District; May 1912, Yolo Water and Power Company; June 1912, Ishi in automobile; July 1912, Bathing pavilion Venice of America, California; August 1912, USS California; September 1912, The Journal of the Polynesian Society; October 1912, “Tarzan of the Apes” in “The All-Story;” November 1912, Ad Wolgast v. Willie Ritchie; December 1912, Bertha Lum “Kites”

Erik Bakke Cobalt Green Pale Ishi 1913

Cobalt Green Pale Ishi 1913: January 1913, First gondola of salt arriving at the Swansea Terminal in Owens Valley; February 1913, The Journal of the Polynesian Society; March 1913, SPCA Fountain in Oakland, CA; April 1913, Cleva Creighton-Chaney; May 24, 1913, 400 Fall as Long Beach Pier Crashes, 33 Die; June 1913, Chevrolet Baby Grand; July 10, 1913, Greenland Ranch (Furnace Creek), CA -- 134 degrees fahrenheit; August 28, 1913, Freshman-sophomore pushball contest; September 1913, Lemuel David Parsons; October 1913; Josh Knowles; November 5, 1913, “There it is. Take it,” William Mulholland; December 1913, Big Creek Dam 4 during construction

Erik Bakke Cobalt Teal Ishi 1914

Cobalt Teal Ishi 1914: January 1914, Pancho Villa; February 1914, San Francisco street car; March 1914, California porcelain license plate; April 1914, Map of Yosemite; May 1914, George A. Ralphs; June 22, 1914, George A. Ralphs dies near Arrowhead; July 1914, Kaiser Wilhelm II; August 1914, Hotel Al Tahoe; September 1914, “Pleasure Land for the Tourist,” poster from tourist association of Central California, 525 Market Street, San Francisco, A Public Organization; October 1914, Kazimir Malevich; November 8, 1914, Seriograph record--correction--isoseismal of earthquake in the Santa Cruz mountains by Carl H. Beal; December 1914, Odilon Redon “Le Cyclope”

Erik Bakke Cobalt Violet Light Ishi 1915

Cobalt Violet Light Ishi 1915: January 1915, Charlie Chaplin making The Tramp with the Essanay Film company in Niles, California; February 1915, Panama-Pacific International Exposition, 1915; March 14, 1915, Lincoln J. Beachy dies in San Francisco Bay; April 24, 1915, Tsitsernakaberd; May 22, 1915, Lassen Peak eruption; June 18, 1915, movie poster, “Moore Theatre, Seattle, second and last week starting Sunday, June 18, Elliot and Sherman Film Corp. present D. W. Griffith’s 8th wonder of the world, twice daily, twice daily, The Birth of A Nation, 18,000 people, 3,000 horses, cost $500,000, ‘worth $5.00 a seat,’ New York Journal’;” July, 1915, Selig Zoo; August, 1915, Bernard Maybeck’s Palace of Fine Arts and Lagoon; September, 1915, Panama California Exposition San Diego; October, 1915, Sara Bard Field; November, 1915, banner for the Panama-Pacific International Exposition San Francisco 1915; December, 1915, The Sphynx at Gallipoli; Photo Source--Orin Starn’s “Ishi’s Brain” with caption reading “Ishi with Blackfeet Indians at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, 1915. (Courtesy of the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology and Regents of the University of California)”

Erik Bakke Cobalt Yellow Ishi 1916

Cobalt Yellow Ishi 1916: January 1916, Toilet water box label (California Toilet Water Carnation Manufactured by California Perfumes New York); February 21, 1916, Battle of Verdun; March 25, 1916, Ishi’s death mask; April 1916, The National Geographic Magazine cover detail (Panorama of the King of Trees Size 10 1/4 x 25 1/2 Inches); May 1916, Ishi’s death mask hidden behind Empire of China flag; June 6, 1916, Chicago suffrage parade; July 1916, Private Wilferd Earl Leggett with the Camp Flag of the 2d California Infantry. Mexican Border Campaign, 1916; August 29, 1916, USS Memphis destroyed by hurricane, Santo Domingo City, Lt. Jones receives Medal of Honor; September 18, 1916, Court date regarding land dispute in Nagcarlan, Laguna, Philippines; October 1916, California sardine landings by season, 1916-17 through 1954-55; November 1916, Fasces from 1916 dime; December 14, 1916, Stranding of submarine H-3